• Writing is clearly a complex multifaceted process requiring the ability to manipulate many sub-skills simultaneously:
- “Involves being creative, spelling, grammar, punctuation, choice of appropriate words, sentences linking and text construction”.
Graphic or visual skills
• Spelling: Difference between pronunciation and spelling in the English language.
• How can our students improve their spelling?
• We advise them to:
a) Select priority words to learn,
b) Get plentiful, regular practice,
c) Know about the language
d) Learn techniques,
e) Develop an interest in words,
f) Check their work,
g) Have confidence in themselves.
• Punctuation: Learning how to use punctuation correctly is a slow and laborious process. It should be started from the very beginning.
• Layout: there are certain conventions on how to write a letter, construct a paragraph, and organize a written text and so on that are culturally determined.
• This refers to the students’ skill in making efficient use of grammatical structures and constructions.
Expressive or stylistic skills
• This includes the learners’ capacity to select the most appropriate meaning in a range of styles and registers: sociolinguistic competence.
• This refers to the ability to use linguistic cohesive devices – what we call “connectors” and “modifiers”- in order to link parts of a text into logically related sequences: discourse competence.
• The organization of pieces of information into paragraphs and text.